The experiential program exposes students to different areas of pharmacy practice and health care systems.
The purpose of the Experiential Program at the James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy is to prepare students for pharmacy practice. Students will apply the knowledge and skills gained in the classroom in order to develop into a skilled pharmacy practitioner capable of assessing therapeutic problems and recommending optimum therapeutic drug regimens for specific patients. The Doctor of Pharmacy student becomes an active participant in assessing the drug therapy needs of individual patients, in formulating safe and effective drug regimens, and optimizing the pharmaceutical care of patients. The experiential program emphasizes importance of continuity of care throughout the healthcare delivery system. Students will gain experience in serving a diverse population of patients.
The Experiential Program at the College includes both Introductory Pharmacy Practice (IPPE) and Advanced Pharmacy Practice (APPE) Experiences. IPPEs are completed in the first three years of the curriculum, and APPEs are completed in the fourth year of the curriculum.
Program Year Descriptions
In the P1 year, students complete an Early Professional Experience the summer prior to entering the College of Pharmacy. Each student is assigned to an ambulatory and institutional site for a 1-day shadow experience. During the 1-day shadow experience, students complete a worksheet and a reflection assignment. Students will discuss their experiences in the Fall semester during the Pharmacy Practice I Course. In addition, students receive training on measuring blood pressure and sterile IV preparation during the Spring semester to prepare them for the P2 year IPPEs.
In the P2 year, students complete a longitudinal, semester-long, weekly IPPE. The course provides an introductory, real practice experience to 2nd year students in an ambulatory or institutional setting. Students gain hands-on experience training in an ambulatory or institutional setting to further develop their professional education and skills. After completing 1-2 days of orientation, students will spend 4-hours each week at the assigned site on a designated morning. Students will be placed at an institutional site for 1 semester and an ambulatory site for another semester. Each IPPE has a list of assignments and a checklist of activities that will be completed by students.
In the P3 year, students complete the peer-mentored IPPE. This course is an on-site experience under the guidance of a 4th year pharmacy student at various practice sites. The 3rd year student is matched with a 4th year PharmD student. The P3 student is required to visit at minimum 7 of the 9 P4 students advanced practice sites. The 3rd year student is required to spend time with the 4th year student on advanced clinical rotations (two 5 hours visits / per month - minimum 14 visits total). During the 2 semester sequence, the 3rd year student will be expected to accomplish numerous learning objectives. The 4th year student will be responsible for engaging students in activities that allow them the opportunity to meet the stated objectives/outcomes. The student applies select skills learned in the pharmacy curriculum at the practice sites.
Other components of our IPPE program include simulation activities in the Pharmacy Practice Skills Development Courses and independent professional development activities such as attending health fairs and professional meetings.
As part of the IPPE program, students will be required to attend professional meeting(s) and/or participate in health fair(s). Students must complete 30 total hours during the PY1 and PY3 years of pharmacy school (approximately 10 hours per year).
The Advanced Pharmacy Practice Experiences during the fourth professional year at the James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy is a full-time practical experience. The student receives academic credit for their experience as well as internship hours acceptable toward licensure by the Ohio State Board of Pharmacy. The purpose of APPEs is for the student to learn to apply the knowledge and skills gained in the first three years of the PharmD program in order to prepare students for pharmacy practice.
The student will participate in nine 1-month long training periods at variety of sites to ensure that all students have an opportunity to learn and participate in the direct care of acute and chronically ill patients. During APPEs, each student will train under the immediate supervision of faculty (full-time and adjunct) who serve as their preceptors.
All students will complete 6 core rotations:
- Hospital Medicine
- Hospital Medical-Surgical Specialty
- Ambulatory Care Clinic
- Community Pharmacy
- Medication Safety Management
- Direct Patient Care Elective
Students also complete 3 elective rotations that can be any of the required rotations or other non-patient care rotations.
The program has multiple objectives:
- Promote standardization, quality, and improvement in communication, feedback, and evaluation.
- Emphasizes the importance of being a professional role model and a teacher.
- Serve as a feedback mechanism for preceptors to provide information on student knowledge, professionalism, and preparedness.
- Forum for discussing situational issues that occur with students.
- Allows for an open line of communication between preceptor, sites, and the College of Pharmacy.
- Promotes sharing of best precepting and practice ideas.
In addition to live programing, preceptors have free access to the Collaborative Education Institute (CEI) and Preceptor Training & Training Network from Pharmacist's Letter.
Interested In Becoming a Preceptor?
Preceptors at the James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy hold full-time, adjunct or volunteer faculty positions.
Pharmacists who are interested in becoming a College preceptor shall submit a NEW PRECEPTOR APPLICATION to the college of Pharmacy experiential office, a current CV/resume, and 1 letter of recommendation that includes information about the pharmacist's practice, competency and professionalism. In addition, pharmacists shall complete or have previously completed 3-hours of CE related to preceptorship.; The College will visit the site to meet with the preceptors and other practitioners to ensure that the site is a good learning environment.
Once accepted, each new preceptor will receive orientation to the University of Cincinnati Experiential Program. Upon successfully completing orientation and preceptor training requirements, the preceptor will receive a "preceptor certificate" from the College, and students may be assigned to the preceptor.
An affiliation agreement between the Practice Site and the College of Pharmacy must be completed before a student can begin an experiential rotation. The affiliation agreement can be established using a standard affiliation agreement that originates from the University of Cincinnati or the practice site. The experiential office will work with the site to establish an agreement during the orientation process.
Terms for appointment, reappointment, and faculty responsibilities are established by the respective College Division and approved by the Dean.
The University of Cincinnati College of Pharmacy is committed to providing an optimal educational program to its students. In order to accomplish this, faculty and preceptors require the necessary resources available to provide state of the art patient care, and such, incorporate these concepts into student learning activities at practice sites and in the classroom. Eligible preceptors may apply for a library access.
Discounted College CE Programs
The James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy is committed to continuous professional development. In order to provide the best experiential program, our preceptors need to continue to improve and refine their clinical and professional skills. The College provides a variety of continuing education opportunities. Preceptors are invited to attend College programs events and receive discounts to some CE programs.
Preceptor Development Resources
The James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy is committed to continuous professional and preceptor development. In order to provide the best experiential program, our preceptors need to continue to improve and refine their precepting skills. The College provides a variety of preceptor development opportunities. Approximately 2 times each year, the College provides live Preceptor Development Training Programs. New preceptors are required to complete preceptor training and are highly encouraged to attend one of the College's programs if possible. These programs are offered to all preceptors and pharmacists involved in student training.