PGY1PGY2 Residency with Master's Degree in Health Outcomes - UC / Kroger

The University of Cincinnati James L. Winkle College of Pharmacy in collaboration with Kroger Pharmacy offers a PGY1/PGY 2 Residency Program with a Master’s Degree in Health Outcomes.

Residents will be selected to complete a 2-year program beginning July 1. This residency program offers a unique and challenging post-graduate training opportunity intended to develop research and teaching skills to enable the graduate to have an academic career focusing on health outcomes research related to community pharmacy practice.

Under the guidance of experienced faculty, resident will obtain training and gain experience in many aspects of health outcomes research including generating research ideas, working as part of and learning to lead a research team, grant writing, research design and data collection, data analysis, and publishing skills. The resident will also gain additional training and experience, beyond a teaching certificate program, in skills related to teaching and becoming an effective part of an academic community. During the residency, the fellow will continue to gain experience in clinical pharmacy services in order to further refine skills and contribute to a future vision of pharmacy.


  • Complete a major project related to outcomes research in community pharmacy.
  • Participate as part of project teams for the PGY1 pharmacy residents and be lead preceptor for at least one team in second year
  • Co-author publications related to community pharmacy research


  • Participate in Skills Laboratory, Self-Care and other courses related to community pharmacy practice.
  • Participate in the Preparing Future Faculty program at the University of Cincinnati
  • Participate in the preceptorship of PGY1 pharmacy residents and PharmD students
  • As an adjunct faculty member of college of pharmacy attend and participate in faculty meetings, division meetings, retreats and serve on at least one college of pharmacy committee.

Pharmacy Practice

  • Work one day per week providing clinical services as a member of the Kroger clinical team.


  • Funded to attend AACP, APhA and OPA annual meetings
  • Expected to also attend local and regional pharmacy meetings
  • PharmD degree from an accredited college of pharmacy
Suggested Coursework



Introduction to Biostatistics


Introduction to Epidemiology


Health Survey Research


Intro to Health Outcomes Research for the Clinical Practitioner




Research Methods in Pharmacy Administration


Pharmaceutical Economics & Policy




Design & Analysis of Clinical Trials


Decision Analysis & Cost-Effectiveness Analysis


Ethics & Science Integrity


Thesis Research




More Information

Headshot of Pamela C Heaton

Pamela C Heaton

Chair of Pharmacy Practice Division<br> Professor, Pharmacy Practice and Admin Sciences

365 Kowalewski Hall


Pamela C. Heaton is Chair and Professor of Pharmacy Practice and Administrative Sciences at the Winkle College of Pharmacy at the University of Cincinnati. She teaches a required pharmacy ethics course in the Doctor of Pharmacy curriculum.  She also trains graduate students in the area of health outcomes.   
Her current research focus is on the use of secondary databases to evaluate clinical, humanistic and economic outcomes of drug therapy.  She has published over 70 manuscripts and presented over 100 poster presentations.  Partnering with Kroger Pharmacy, she has developed a two-year MS/residency with an emphasis in community pharmacy.  Also, with Kroger pharmacy, along with the Cincinnati Health Council, Health Bridge and several hospitals, Dr. Heaton received a grant from NACDS Foundation to determine whether community pharmacists can reduce 30-day readmissions for patients with priority conditions. 
Dr. Heaton participates on many college committees at the University of Cincinnati and is faculty advisor for the graduate student association.  Dr. Heaton is also involved in other national organizations including the International Society for Pharmacoeconomic and Outcomes Research, American Society of Health-System Pharmacy and the American Pharmacists Association. Dr. Heaton is Editor in Chief of the Journal of the American Pharmacists Association.  Dr. Heaton is an active member of American Academy of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP).  Her AACP service has included Chair of the Ethics Sig (2008-2009), college delegate (2008) and alternate (2007), speaker for AACP Special Session programming (2008), Mentor for WalMart Scholarship (2012), Section Programming Committee (2012-2013), Member of Rising Stars ad hoc committee (2013), Chair of the SAS Awards Committee (2013-2014), facilitator for SAS Section Roundtables (2014) and Chair Designee/Chair Elect, Chair and Immediate Past Chair of the SAS Section(2016-2020). Working with a subgroup of the SAS section, she coauthored a publication titled “Characteristics of Social and Administrative Sciences Graduate Programs and Strategies for Student Recruitment and Future Faculty Development in the United States.”  Additionally, in 2012-2013, she participated in the in the Academic Leadership Fellows Program. 
She earned her Bachelors of Pharmacy degree and Doctor of Philosophy degree from the University of Cincinnati.